LED displays have created a massive impact in the world today, dominating many industries and bringing corporations to the top. The market value is expected to balloon by almost seven percent by 2028 to 11.6 billion from 7.9 million USD. With this massive value, it’s not surprising that everyone wants to get a share of this booming industry. And if you’re one of those, you will need to look into everything from the screen’s structure and design to understanding LED display pixel pitch.

Before you jump into investing in this massive industry, make sure to dive deeper into the different factors that can affect your prospect. A pixel pitch is one of the aspects you need to learn about before fully committing yourself to this investment. 

What is LED Display Pixel Pitch?

LED Display Pixel Pitch - Transparent LED
LED Display Pixel Pitch – Transparent LED

An LED display pixel pitch refers to the distance measured in mm of each LED installed on the module board. It also affects the minimum distance for which a  viewer can appreciate and clearly see what’s shown on the display. This means that the pixel-pitch LED walls can affect the distance where you will see the images displayed on them. 

Technically, the pixel pitch is the spaces between the diodes. Also called line pitch or dot pitch, it will dictate the quality of the images viewed on the display. This is why it’s important to know about LED display pixel pitch before making an economic decision to invest in one. 

If you’re wondering how to know about the pixel pitch of a specific LED display, it is often denoted by the letter P and then followed by the value of the pixel pitch. You will see some screens with P1.25 to P40. You just need to match your display requirements with the pixel pitch that can cater to your goals better. 

LED Pixel Pitch Comparison Vs. Resolution

Both LED display pixel pitch and resolution refer to the quality of images that are shown on displays. For LED pixel pitch comparison over resolution, the big difference is that the former refers to the direct measure of the distance between LEDs while the latter refers to the quality of the image display. If your content shows low-quality images, it will have low resolution. 

Pixel pitch and resolution are also inversely proportional to each other. Expect a lower resolution for LED displays with higher pixel pitch and a higher resolution for those screens with lower pixel pitch. It’s one of the major reasons why you will need to consider pixel pitch before deciding on which LED display to purchase. 

The Importance of LED Display Pixel Pitch

LED Display Pixel Pitch - Differences
LED Display Pixel Pitch – Differences

Understanding LED display pixel pitch is vital in your investment in this new industry and the basic reason for this is that it affects so many factors about your LED screen. An LED display with better resolution and more meticulous details often has a lower pixel pitch. This means that by knowing your pixel pitch, you can pretty much have a general idea of the values and conditions of other aspects of the LED screens, including the resolution, pitch density, viewing distance, and yes, even the cost. 

How Pixel Pitch Affects LED Displays

To get a clearer view of how important it is to know all about LED display pixel pitch, here are some of the factors that are affected by pixel pitch. 

LED Screen Resolution

Since the screen resolution and pixel pitch are inversely proportional, LED screens with higher resolution tend to have low pixel pitch. This also goes the other way around. It’s why if you’re on the lookout for high-definition screens, you need to check out LED displays with lower pixel pitch. Consider most P3 LED screens to enjoy an excellent resolution.

Optimal Viewing Distance

In contrast with the LED screen resolution, the optimal viewing distance of LED displays is directly proportional to the pixel pitch. This simply means that a small pixel pitch LED display is expected to have a closer viewing distance and vice versa. 

LED Display Cost 

The LED display pixel pitch affects the screen’s price primarily due to the costs of materials and the production process. LED displays with lower pixel pitch require more meticulous material options and manufacturing procedures. This significantly increases the costs of the LED screen, which is why small pixel pitch LED displays are more expensive than those displays with higher pixel pitch. 

If you’re on a tight budget and want to canvass on prices, you don’t have to waste time looking at LED screens with lower pixel pitch because they are expensive. Check out displays with higher pixel pitch and further viewing distance. 

LED Wall Pixel Pitch Calculator

Dealing with pixel pitch means you also have to deal with numbers and if you’re bad at it, using an LED wall pixel pitch calculator may be the best option for you. If you’re up for the challenge though, the rule is simple.

When calculating the optimal viewing distance based on the pixel pitch, simply get the value of the pixel pitch, label it in meters, and then multiply the value by 2 and 3. This is that range of distance for which your LED screen can be enjoyed to the fullest. If you have a P4 display, the pixel pitch falls at 4 mm, which becomes 4 meters. The optimal viewing distance range then becomes 8 meters (4×2 meters) to 12 meters (4×3). 

It is an easy multiplication solution but if you still don’t trust yourself, check out some of the LED pixel pitch calculators offered online. The basic idea is that you will need to get a closer look at the LED screens with low pixel pitch than those with high pixel pitch if you want to have a good view of what’s on the display. 

How to Choose the Right LED Display Pixel Pitch

LED Display Pixel Pitch Types
LED Display Pixel Pitch Types

When choosing the right LED display pixel pitch, there are specific factors that must be considered to make sure that what you get will be what you need. Here are some of those important factors:

Indoor or Outdoor Installation 

Indoor LED screens often have lower pixel pitch because of the limited space of the venue and the closer viewing distance required along with it. In contrast, outdoor LED displays usually have higher pixel pitch to accommodate the higher viewing distance and the bigger area where the audience will be. If you’re planning for an indoor event, go with low-pixel pitch LED screens but if you need to accommodate so many people outdoors, an LED display with a higher pixel pitch may be the best option.

LED Screen Resolution

When choosing an LED screen, you will have to identify the resolution of the display that you want. If you want a screen with excellent resolution, a lower LED display pixel pitch is recommended. The resolution gets better the lower the pixel pitch gets. 

Optimal Viewing Distance 

In answering the question of what is a good pixel pitch, you need to figure out how you can effectively match your display needs with the LED screens in front of you. The optimal viewing distance plays a huge role in your decision on what LED display to get. To help you decide, here is a chart you can use that will tell you the minimum and optimal distance that corresponds to a specific LED display pixel pitch.

Pixel Pitch (mm)Minimum Viewing DistanceOptimal Viewing Distance
9 mm0.9 meter or 2.95 feet2 to 3 meters or 6.56 to 9.84 feet
1.5 mm1.5 meters or 4.92 feet3 to 5 meters or 9.84 to 16.40 feet
1.87 mm1.87 meters or 6.14 feet3 to 5 meters or 9.84 to 16.40 feet
5 mm5 meters or 16.4 feet10 to 15 meters or 32.8 to 49.21 feet
10 mm10 meters or 32.8 feet20 to 30 meters or 65.62 to 98.43 feet)

Project Budget

Your project budget plays a major role in your choice of LED screen, which is also affected by the LED display pixel pitch. If you have a tight budget and need to be extremely mindful of your expenses, you have to stay away from LED screens with low-pixel pitch. Try to compromise on some of the aspects of the projects in case the funds are limited. Going for LED screens with low-pixel pitch means you’re getting more affordable displays. 


Learning about LED display pixel pitch will help you be able to invest in the ideal LED screen that can cater to your needs. You will have a general look at the resolution and optimal viewing distance that comes with specific pixel pitches. Getting the help of your display supplier is the best move if you’re still not confident about your knowledge of pixel pitches. The important thing is that you get an overview and a basic understanding of what to expect from LED displays with particular pixel pitches.

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