In the history of display technology, people have enjoyed from black-and-white screens to the colorful ones everyone now uses. The innovation of small semiconductors paved the way for the advancement of display technology, allowing the possibility of producing realistic and colored images on the screen. 

What is RGB? In understanding these developments and their role in the creation of LED displays, we first need to answer this question. 

What is RGB: Deep Dive on the Color Model

What is RGB - Three Colors
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The development of LED displays came about because of the existence of color models. The most basic form that color models have is RGB and diving deep into this primary model can give you a better understanding of how colors work in LED screens. 

RGB Definition

Now, let’s get to the point. What is RGB? It is an acronym for the three major colors used in the model, red, green, and blue, in that very same order. While school teaches us that the primary colors include red, blue, and yellow, it is a different matter in terms of the colors used in digital displays. For these screens, the primary colors are RGB, which includes red, green, and blue. 

In LED displays, light can either be visible or not, depending on its wavelength in the electromagnetic spectrum. This means that when light travels through the spectrum, it hits through the range of colors in that spectrum. And if that light is within 380 to 700 nanometers, it means that they are visible to the naked eye. In addition to that, whatever the light’s wavelength is will dictate the color it will show. What is RGB colours and their respective wavelengths? 

Red620 to 780 nanometers
Green490 to 570 nanometers
Blue440 to 490 nanometers

How RGB Works

What is RGB LED display used? RGB is an actual color model that puts values to specific colors, as well as new combined colors with their respective values. Make sure to forget about the combination of colors taught in primary school for it works differently for LED displays. Blue and yellow combined do not make green but blue and green result in yellow. 

Forget about primary and secondary colors taught in school. RGB poses an incredible possibility, especially since LEDs can produce over 16 million color combinations. And this is just by combining varying amounts of these colors. The resulting group of colors and their resulting combinations is what’s known as the color gamut. The wider it is, the more variations of colors are available that can help accurately reproduce realistic images. 

Inside an LED display, RGB LEDs are installed and made from specific substances to properly showcase the color they represent. These are the materials that the semiconductors are made from:

  • Red – Aluminum Indium Gallium Phosphide
  • Green – Indium Gallium Nitride
  • Blue – Indium Gallium Nitride

Components of RGB Model

When answering the question what is RGB, you need to consider RGB as a color model and the different components that make it up. RGB color models come with colors called channels. The idea behind this is that each of the three colors have their respective codes and under these colors are different shades and intensities. Here are the different channels:

Red Channel

In this channel, different shades of red, from low to high-intensity reds are managed. The channel produces light in warm colors, which is why besides red, it also produces orange and yellow light. 


In contrast with the red channel, the blue channel takes care of the cool colors needed in the display. Similar to red, it features different shades of blue, from the lightest to the darkest.  


The green channel is responsible for producing the color green in the display. Green plays an important role in the ensemble because it manages a variety of colors that can be combined with red and blue in order to produce new shades. 

Understanding the 8-bit Color System

To answer the question what is RGB and its role in LED displays, we need to understand the 8-bit color system and how it operates on the screen. Also known as the 24-bit system, it pertains to the image depth as depicted in colors. 

The three RGB channels have 8 color bits for every channel. The combination of 3 channels and 8 color bits leads to 256 shades and intensities of colors. The color scale of each channel has the range of 0 to 255, where the former is the invisible color without light while the latter features the highest intensity of that color. This leads to an approximate 16 million color possibilities from using the three RGB channels. 

Different Colors Models in Digital Display

What is RGB - Color Model
What is RGB – Color Model

In computer graphics, color models are used to dictate how a specific image should look based on specific color palettes. It is also one good way to answer the question, what is RGB, since it is technically a color model. Here are the two major categories of color models and another popular module used in computer graphics today. 

Additive Color Model

The additive color model refers to the color generation technique where primary colors are mixed (or one color is added to another) in order to produce a new shade or color. This is why sometimes it is the answer to the question of what is RGB. Technically, it is a type of additive color model. 

This particular color model combines two to three colors to reproduce a specific shade or color. Besides RGB, HSV (Hue, Saturation, Value) or HSB (Hue, Saturation, Brightness) falls under this color model. The three elements–hue, saturation, and value/brightness are uses to provide a value to the colors rather than just using nanometers. 

Subtractive Color Model

This color model is often used for non-digital color mixing needs, including paints, inks, and dyes. The materials are manually mixed to create the specific color needed. In the model, light wavelengths are subtracted from the equation in order to produce shades with unabsorbed light. 

While RGB is the primary color for the first color model, it acts as the secondary in the subtractive color model. The primary one is the CMY, which means cyan, magenta, and yellow. In this case, these colors are the ones mixed together to reproduce new tones. Sometimes, CMY becomes CMYK to add the color black to the equation. 

Grayscale Color Model

The Grayscale color model refers to color editing by adjusting its brightness. In this color model, gray is the most important shade. Compared to the monochromatic color model, the images are often dominated by gray color. This is different from monochromatic, which can include other RGB colors. 

All About RGB Lighting

What is RGB - RGB Lighting
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What is RGB? Technically, they are colors that come from light that passes through the electromagnetic spectrum and produces different colors and shades. This is why RGB lighting is an important consideration for the color model. 

What is RGB Lighting and Its Components

RGB lighting refers to what LED semiconductors use in order to provide the colors that a screen needs. Semiconductors use LEDs in the three RGB colors to access all the 16 million color possibilities that the color model provides. They are common in LED strip lights. 

With the combination of the three RGB colors, the color white is produced, which is why it is the most common color of LED lights. If you have a blue LED light and you want to turn it into white, phosphorus is the key. If you’re keen on learning more about the different RGB lights, here are the common types:

  • Standard RGB Light- Blue, Red, and Green
  • RGBW – Four LEDs in Red, Green, Blue, and White
  • RGB+W – RGB LEDs plus a white diode on top of the Standard RGB diode

How RGB Lighting Operates

RGB lighting operates way more effectively compared to traditional bulbs. It produces visible light that does not eat up a lot of power compared to incandescent bulbs. Since it uses LED to emit light and make the most out of the energy it gets from electricity. Because of this major material, the light won’t need diffusers and reflectors to keep the light in and control it. 

What are the Applications for RGB Lighting?

What is RGB - Light on PC Accessories
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You can use RGB lighting in a variety of ways and some of the common uses include the following:

  • Lighting fixture – LED light produces more energy-efficient lighting sources and so functions as a more cost-effective lighting fixture compared to ceiling-mounted incandescent and traditional bulbs. 
  • Backlighting – RGB lights are used for the backlight of some LCD panels. Since only white light is produced, the backlight needs to be more precise and accurate for optimal operation. 
  • Computer accessories – Installed inside and outside CPUs and even around monitors, RGB lights serve as an added aesthetic factor that increases the modern look of your computer. 
  • Outdoor signage – To capture the attention of would-be customers, RGB lights are installed around the store signage. This adds a cooler look to the shop and even keeps people’s attention for a possible ROI. 

Advantages and Disadvantages of the RGB LED Products

What is RGB
What is RGB

“What is RGB?” is a question that can be answered with the showcase of RGB LED products. These products have become popular throughout the years and what made them a top choice for many are the different advantages one can benefit from. 


Many like the idea of RGB LED products because it offers a lot of advantages. Some of these benefits are the following:

Improved color quality and vibrancy 

RGB products like LED panels efficiently make the most of the additive color model. Through the LED display and using the 8-bit systems, realistic images with accurate colors are produced. 

Impressive adaptability and versatility 

RGB offers excellent flexibility and versatility and the use of primary colors to produce millions of shades is impressive. This goes the same way for RGB lighting, which opens up access to more colors to reproduce realistic images. 

Color management and customization

The tasks of assigning colors and tailoring them to your needs can be accomplished through adding and mixing colors. With a wide color gamut, it is possible to recreate colors with the RGB products. 

Energy-efficient & Cost-effective

RGB products are energy-efficient, especially since they consume less power using lumens that are not power-hungry. Since these products are energy-efficient, they also tend to be cost-effective and can reduce your electric bill. While they are not the most affordable items, they are cost-effective and will be worth their prices as you use them. 


RGB products may be very useful but they’re not perfect. To fully understand what is RGB, look into the darker side of the coin and check out what are the flaws you need to be prepared for. These are some of the disadvantages of RGB products:

Inconsistent colors and shades 

There is a chance that there will be color inconsistencies in the RGB products precisely because they require proper and accurate execution. A little mistake can destroy the entire look, especially when calibrating the setting and temperature options. 

Not enough heat dissipation

More than just light, RGB products also produce heat. While it produces way less heat compared to incandescent bulbs, it still produces heat. The heat dissipation systems on these lights are not as efficient enough to quickly get rid of the accumulating heat. 

Limited color gamut 

While RGB opens up the opportunity to use so many color options, the color gamut can be quite limited. If you’re looking for devices that can show highly realistic and vivid images, the colors of RGB are not enough to recreate the authentic colors of life, especially in terms of hue and saturation. 


What is RGB? RGB refers to the primary colors used in LED displays and computer graphics. It is a color model responsible for producing colorful images. The RGB lighting is also incredibly memorable, especially since it somehow became the start of LED technology and its usage beyond lighting and into the display industry. If you’re looking for RGB, choose well and take into account all the priorities you have set for the purchase.

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